Larawag is the signal watcher, noting when only legitimate participants are present and in view of the ceremony. Epsilon Scorpii in the constellation Scorpius. Scorpius is not to be confused with the Wardaman scorpion constellation, Mundarla, in the Western constellation Serpens.
Image Credit: International Astronomical Union. Wurren gives water to Gawalyan, the echidna the star Achernar , which they direct Earthly initiates to carry in small bowls. The water came from a great waterfall used to cool the people during ceremony. These ceremonies occur in late December when the weather is hot and these stars are high in the evening sky, signalling the start of the monsoon.
Zeta Phoenicis comprises two blue stars orbiting each other, light years away. From our perspective, these two stars eclipse each other, changing in brightness from magnitude 3. Zeta Phoenicis in the constellation Phoenix. Ginan is the fifth-brightest star in the Southern Cross. It represents a red dilly-bag filled with special songs of knowledge.
Adhara - Epsilon Canis Majoris
Ginan was found by Mulugurnden the crayfish , who brought the red flying foxes from the underworld to the sky. The bats fly through the constellation Scorpius on their way to the Southern Cross, trading songs as they go. The song informs the people about initiation, which is managed by the stars in Scorpius and related to Larawag who ensures the appropriate personnel are present for the final stages of the ceremony.
The brownish-red colour of the dilly bag is represented by the colour of Epsilon Crucis, which is an orange giant that lies light years away. Epsilon Crucis in the constellation Crux the Southern Cross. The Boorong people of the Wergaia language group near Lake Tyrell in northwestern Victoria pride themselves on their detailed astronomical knowledge.
Adhara: Brightest Star in Ultraviolet Light
In the s, they imparted more than 40 star and planet names and their associated stories to the Englishman William Stanbridge, which he published in In Boorong astronomy, Unurgunite is an ancestral figure with two wives. The Moon is called Mityan, the quoll. Mityan fell in love with one of the wives of Unurgunite and tried to lure her away. The Moon has been wandering the heavens ever since, the scars of the battle still visible on his face.
Constellation Canis Major Astrology
Mityan, the Moon the quoll in Boorong traditions. Unurgunite can be seen as the star Sigma Canis Majoris the Great Dog , with the two brighter stars on either side representing his wives. This is the wife Mityan tried to lure away. On rare occasions, the Moon passes directly over the wife of his desires, symbolising his attempts to draw her away.
He also passes over Unurgunite, representing their battle in the sky. But Mityan, and Moon, never passes over the other wife with the Arabic name Adhara. Delta Canis Majoris is an orange-red supergiant that lies 1, light years away.
Differences For Northern and Southern Observers:
At the southern limits of the constellation lie Kappa and Lambda Canis Majoris. Although of similar spectra and nearby each other as viewed from Earth, they are unrelated. Canis Major is also home to many variable stars. It is a candidate for being the largest star known  and is also one of most luminous with an estimate of to 2, times the Sun's radius, and a luminosity of 60, to , times greater than the Sun. The nature of the changes are unclear, but it is possible they were caused by an event such as the star's absorption of an accretion disc.
Tau Canis Majoris is a Beta Lyrae-type eclipsing multiple star system that varies from magnitude 4. A fifth component, a magnitude 10 star, lies at a distance of 13, astronomical units 0. The system is only 5 million years old. It has a period of 4. The stars are , and 63, times as luminous as the Sun. However the fainter star is the more massive at 19 solar masses to the primary's The shortness of the orbital period and the low ratio between the two main components make this an unusual Algol-type system.
Seven star systems have been found to have planets. With orbital periods of and days, the planets have a orbital resonance , which helps stabilise the system. The cocoon has a hole in it through which light shines that covers an angle of 5 to 10 degrees of its circumference.
Both stars are surrounded by a large envelope of in-falling material left over from the original cloud that formed the system. These stars are thought to be significant contributors to interstellar dust. The band of the Milky Way goes through Canis Major, with only patchy obscurement by interstellar dust clouds. It is bright in the northeastern corner of the constellation, as well as in a triangular area between Adhara, Wezen and Aludra, with many stars visible in binoculars.
Canis Major boasts several open clusters. Located 4 degrees south of Sirius, it contains contrasting blue, yellow and orange stars and covers an area the apparent size of the full moon —in reality around 25 light-years in diameter. The brightest is a 6. Located in the field is 12 Canis Majoris , though this star is only light-years distant.
Around 15 light-years in diameter, it is located light-years away from Earth,  and has been dated to around 2. It contains about 60 stars, of which Tau Canis Majoris is the brightest member. It is a very young open cluster as its member stars are only a few million years old.
The nebula is shaped by HD , an unstable Wolf—Rayet star embedded within it. In , an overdensity of stars in the region was announced to be the Canis Major Dwarf , the closest satellite galaxy to Earth. However, there remains debate over whether it represents a disrupted dwarf galaxy or in fact a variation in the thin and thick disk and spiral arm populations of the Milky Way. Investigation of the area yielded only ten RR Lyrae variables —consistent with the Milky Way's halo and thick disk populations rather than a separate dwarf spheroidal galaxy.
NGC and IC are a pair of face-on interacting spiral galaxies located million light-years from Earth. About 40 million years ago, the two galaxies had a close encounter and are now moving farther apart; nevertheless, the smaller IC will eventually be incorporated into NGC As the interaction continues, gas and dust will be perturbed, sparking extensive star formation in both galaxies.
The Observer’s Year
File:Canis Major on the Manuchihr Globe. Adilnor Collection, Sweden. See also: List of stars in Canis Major. The Mesopotamian traditions". Journal of the British Astronomical Association 1 : 9— Bibcode JBAA.. The Mediterranean Traditions". Journal of the British Astronomical Association 2 : 79— La Ricerca Folklorica 40 : 57— Bibcode JAHH Popular Astronomy 30 : — Bibcode PA The Constellations International Astronomical Union.
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